Both yoga and ayurveda are based upon the principles of trigunas (sattva, rajas and tamas) and the panchamahabuthas (earth, air, fire, water, space). Yoga and ayurveda share a common understanding of bodily functions (Dosha-Dhatu-Mala/humor-tissue-waste material theory) and the effect that food and medicines have on the body (Rasa-Veerya-Vipaka/taste-energy-post digestive effect concept).
Both of these sciences include eight branches, referred to as Ashtanga Yoga and Ashtanga Ayurveda. They both believe that health is dependent on the health and balance of the mind. They both use concepts of metaphysical anatomy and physiology, which consists of 72,000 nadis (channels), seven chakras (energy centers) and prana.
Yoga and Ayurveda both encourage pranayama and meditation as well as the use of herbs, body purification procedures, nutrition and mantras for health. They work seamlessly together, especially in the support of the life cycle of women. For example, there are complementary Ayurvedic and Yogic protocols to support a woman at any stage of her cycle throughout her life. When integrated together, there can be profound positive health outcomes through this balance. Ayurveda and Yoga can be used together to help balance through implementation of dosha appropriate adaptation with ahara, dinacharya and ritucharya.